Fruit Trees

Planting a Coconut Plant in a Pot or Bonsai Bag

Coconut care (Some hints on establishing your palms)

These nuts have been struck in filtered sunlight so will handle full sun but need at least 50% sun for as much of the day as possible.
The nuts are the most advanced that packaging or State requirements allow. They will gain nutritional benefit from attachment to the nut for about 18months and even longer in sub optimal conditions. Coconuts have a fibrous root system. Each root will develop with equal importance both feeding the plant and anchoring it. No tap root develops. The sprouted nuts have roots but in most cases most of the roots are removed to improve health and quarantine issues.

In tropical locations the sprouted nut could be planted in its site or potted. In cooler locations it is recommended to plant the nut in a large container 10 to100 litre container. Before sending, the nut has been watered, root pruned and cleaned. New roots are already growing through the nuts husk.

It will help if you soak the nut in diluted liquid fertilizer mix for a few hours or overnight before potting. In any case newly transplanted nuts will suffer some set back which will be evident in the next two fronds being less vigorous than current fronds. It is important to nurse these new plants to reduce this set back as much as possible.

Coconut palms like;

• Warm soil – above 20 degrees celcius
• Warm air – between 20 and 30 degrees celcius
• High humidity – above 70
• High light levels especially when temperatures are warm
• Free draining soil – no water ponding on surface and good pot drainage
• Regular watering with potable or near potable quality water
• Surface mulching with wood chip or stone
• No weed competition especially grassy weeds
• Freedom of pests like ants (ants farm mealy bug and scale insects) and leaf eating insects
• Adequate levels of fertilizer, particularly nitrogen and trace elements

By meeting these requirements your plants should thrive.

Youtube Transcript

So bare root coconuts this is how we get our coconuts and
they send them down from
Far North Queensland just loose within a bit of coconut fiber just a bit of
this around the roots and this is how we
receive them so they travel really well
like this so this is how we also send
them out but they like a very humid
tropical environment so this is our fog
machine which creates a very fine moist
humid environment and this is where we
keep our coconuts while they're here at
Daley's so it's a perfect environment for
strengthening up plants that have come
out of tissue cultured flasks that are
very tender and fragile so this is a
really fabulous and exciting new
addition to Daley's nursery what do you
do with your plant on arrival so the
first thing is just check the roots and
if you feel they're I can feel that that
root there is actually broken so it's
not going to hurt my plant if I cut that
root off
so this coconut has got all its energy
stored in this nut to make all its roots
and to make all its shoots so it uses
the energy from the nut for about the
first two years so it's really important
that under no circumstances do you take
the nut off but don't be concerned about
cutting the roots off so any roots that
are old and damaged cut them off
anything like this this is great and you
need to cut these ones off so don't be
concerned if it doesn't have any roots
at all it's quite normal for your
coconut to come without any roots so
that's perfect
I'm just going to leave those two fresh
shoots that's all we want and that is
absolutely perfect for planting what you
want to do is rehydrate your plant so
you can actually soak the nut in a
bucket of seaweed solution and what
that's going to do is it's just going to
strengthen up the nuts so seaweed is
really good for preventing pests and
diseases and it actually makes your plant
Hardy so it's also a great thing to have
in your garden shed and soak it for at
least an hour you can soak it for up
to a day don't leave it in the bucket
don't forget it and go to work for a
week but just
rehydrate it and get it ready to plant
So where do coconuts grow coconuts are
tropical they're what we call a strictly
tropical plant they're tropical and they
grow on the beach so you don't see them
in the mountains you don't see them in Melbourne they are really
perfectly suited to growing in a
tropical coastal climate now if you are
outside of that area and you want to
grow a coconut what you need to
know is that they ideally like
temperatures that are 20 to 30 degrees
centigrade they don't like it when it
drops below that although they can
handle a little bit of cold in the
winter they will not tolerate any frost
they also like a very humid environment
so they ideally like 70% humidity
throughout the year so if your tropical
you'll find coconuts grow easily if
you're not tropical you're going to find
them difficult so don't be surprised if
you try one and you don't succeed but it
really it's because tropical plants love
really hot humid conditions if you can
offer them that you you're going to have
success if you can't you might be better
growing something suited to your climate
so planting out your coconut in all
areas outside of the tropics it's a
really good idea to start your coconut
in a big pot or a bag so we're going to
start ours in a bonsai bag and what you
need is a pot that's big enough to fit
the nut and the palm so that's nice and
comfortable that's a really good sized
pot and because all the roots are going
to come from this part of the nut you
want to bury that plant down to there so
I've just put some in there because we
haven't got any roots to worry about
spreading out so you can just part fill
your bag and then fill it around it so
this is just coconut fiber this is our
Coir which is fabulous stuff it has
really good drainage it's not going to
water log my coconuts it's not going to
give you any problems with drainage and
I can add slowly less nutrients to this
which is all my coconuts gonna need for
the first couple of years so what you
want to do is get it growing really well
in its bag get it established so you
want it about like that
so your coconuts part buried your palms
coming up from just above the ground
level so you don't want to bury that too
deep and this nut is going to provide
all the roots you need to keep this
really well watered so they like
constant moisture and perfect drainage
put it in the shade until it's
established so don't put it out in the
full Sun where it's going to get cooked
until it starts to show nice new growth
and don't be concerned if it looks a
little bit stressed for a little while
so the first couple of leaves might be
weak growing leaves once it starts to
make vigorous new growth its well
established and it's ready to thinking
about putting in its final home so once
your palm is a couple of metres tall
it's ready to plant in the ground so
what you need is a well-prepared site
and your coconuts going to love very
good drainage so build a mound a bit
like an avocado lots of compost and
organic matter and you can add Coco
fiber and husks all that sort of stuff
your well composted mound you can
start doing it when you put you put your
coconut in the bag so it's got two years
to mature you can keep adding to that
composted mound once you're ready to
plant it put it in the ground if your
nut comes off after two years it's
nothing to worry about
but don't plant it any deeper than
you've had it in your bag that's a
general rule with plants so make sure
you keep it at the same line on your
palm when you plant it into the ground
and keep the moisture up to it so it's
going to love that tropical climate and
if you can provide it with that you're
going to be picking coconuts in five
years maybe 6 years
ten years it is going to vary you need to
be patient