Fruit Trees

September Flowers



 

Our one month of Spring is already half way done.  Hot weather could be around the corner but so far we have been blessed with some rain to start the growing off and, of course, we hope for more.  In the bush, native plants are flowering: clematis vine, orchids; and the fireflies are lighting up the twilight in such numbers this year. I do miss the scent of the native Scrub Turpentine, which rarely flowers any more due to its susceptibility to the scourge of Myrtle Rust. 

 

And when I head into the garden there are flowers galore too. Citrus trees are covered in blossom and the scent is heady, petals rain down constantly and bees buzz loudly. Macadamia blossoms hang and compete well for attention above the clamour of the citrus blossom scent.  Pomegranate, Jaboticaba, and Lychee are all showing the promise that flowering fruit trees give. Mango, Jakfruit and some varieties of Avocado too. Early low-chill  or ‘Southern Highbush’ blueberries are well on the way to setting their first fruit, as well as low-chill stonefruit and mulberries

 

Well, mulberries… they are well on their way into bowls and recipes and tummies already. This fruit  has to be eaten fresh from the tree. The fruit is soft and juicy and easy to bruise so you’ll never find this in a supermarket. This means it's the perfect tree for your backyard. I remember times spent gorging on this fruit as a kid, eating and spreading the magenta stains all over hands, face and clothes. Today’s varieties are cutting grown or grafted females, all  clones with fantastic eating qualities and being only female, they won’t set seed to be spread throughout the bush. For our area, the Dwarf Black and the Dwarf Red Shahtoot Mulberries are great for small backyards, with flavourful berries. The Shahtoot, a long thin fruit,  has more of an aromatic flavour to it too, and is very sweet. These trees are well suited to throwing a net over to prevent the birds making off with them. Mulberries can be beautiful large shade trees as well . This includes the White Shahtoot mulberry -  it is delicious, and a large spreading shade tree for big backyards. 

 

Flowers can be enjoyed for eating and cooking too. Nasturtium and violas can be added to salads, banksia and macadamia flowers can be used to flavour drinks. And orange blossom can be used to make a scented water used in baking, much like rose water. The flowers of the Seville orange are traditionally used but any orange variety will do, really. Obviously, don’t pick too many or you’ll limit how many oranges you’ll have next winter.  The orange blossom water can be distilled even without fancy equipment, but there is a simple method you can use, it just won’t keep as long.

 

Pick the flowers in the morning before the sun has dried them out.  Pick off any insects or dirt, or browned flowers you can see, you can  then put them in a colander to rinse them under the tap. Crush the orange blossoms in a mortar and pestle until they are a paste. For the next step you will need distilled water. Put the petal paste in a glass jar and cover with distilled water. Let this sit for a couple of weeks and then strain through a cloth. Keep your orange blossom water in the fridge.

Regeneration

 I'm walking through country burnt in last summer's fires. Different areas are affected in different ways, with some having had relatively cool burns and others that burnt quite hot. Where eucalypts were burnt right to the crown of the tree, they are sprouting bunchy  epicormic growth all along their branches. In these areas, small trees are killed outright, so what's called the midstorey is gone, these can be wattles, leptospermum and young casuarinas and an array of other species. But everywhere, everything is pushing forth new growth. There is an extraordinary abundance of grass trees in flower and all sorts of flowering shrubs - boronia, broom, hovea, and ground orchids too. We tend to think of this rebirth as some sort of Australian exceptionalism, but really every ecosystem around the world will do this in its own way. The only other outcome is desertification.

Desertification proceeds apace around this country. In areas of high rainfall like Kyogle Shire, the degradation that has occurred with land clearing and overgrazing is often masked, but with a keen eye, you can spot the bunchy epicormic growth of gum trees under great stress, or the erosion on hillsides causing a terraced effect. Creeks and rivers become muddy with rain and weed species like lantana, camphor laurel and privet predominate. Bare earth rings  alarm bells to those who see. And remember, this is not just a world of plants, native wildlife seek to live here too. Even in urban backyards, we can see these processes happening. And we can choose to be a part of this regeneration if we want.

Of course, every backyard should have a fruit tree or three in it, but we can also plant habitat for wildlife. Tufty grasses make great homes for skinks to live under and fairy wrens to nest in. Provide a log feature for bigger skinks to live in. Spiky shrubs, like fingerlimes can be great for slightly bigger birds' nests to protect them from the crows. Bottlebrush and grevillea will feed the raucous honeyeaters, but remember the little ones too. A smaller hidden-in-the-shrubs bird waterer is good for  these fellas in summer, so they can drink in peace. And remember, if you don't lock up your pet cat, you will never see the wrens, finches and robins nest in your yard. 

Further afield, grass, shrubs and  trees play the same role on a large scale. Tufty grasses are loved by bandicoots for shelter, the little piglets of the bush,  turning over soil to find grubs and roots. And small pademelons or wallabies will sleep amongst them in the day too. Fallen timber can be a fire hazard but it's important to leave something for small creatures to shelter in. Skinks like the black land mullet and native rats too,  appreciate their cover. Shrubs provide shade, shelter and food for an array of species. Old trees are needed to provide the hollows that so many of our mammals, owls and parrots need to nest in. And all plants shed leaves, bark and twigs to cover the earth, providing habitat for small invertebrates that recycle all of it back into the soil. 

Rich river flats are at their most beautiful, in my opinion, when they are dotted with forest redgum. This species is loved by koalas, but if the tree is under stress it can be less than tasty for them and they do need choices in their diet. Our older Richmond river flat redgum do need young recruits planted to replace them as they age,  if you are seeing epicormic growth on them it is a sure sign of this. Think about planting other species too that koalas love, like tallowood and grey gum. Keep in mind, to connect planting areas to each other, as animals need hectares available to them to find everything they need throughout the year. For a full list of suitable trees for koalas, this is a great site and has a listing based on shire areas for the best species to plant around the country https://www.savethekoala.com/about-koalas/trees-koalas

So now is a great time to plant something to provide shade and shelter for your garden wildlife for the summer to come. And also for the wildlife and plant communities eking out an existence, within and beyond our fences, for the decades to come.




Magical Compost

 


Bins, piles, bays, mounds, heaps..all the places we make and do compost. We bring our scraps, garden waste, manures and grasses together and make something special. If we don’t produce enough on our own- we can buy it in bags, trailer or truck loads. Someone, somewhere is always making compost.

Even birds can do this. Recent research has shown that the Superb Lyrebird scratches and moves up to 11 tip trucks’ worth of litter and soil a year, more than any animal on the planet. That’s 155 tonnes per hectare! As they search for food, they turn over leaf litter and soil, shifting it downhill, helping it to break down and feed the forests they live in. That’s a busy bird. Locally, the scrub turkey makes itself unpopular with its mounding of  backyard  litter and scratching up of people’s garden beds for their nests. Now that’s an enthusiastic composter.

I have good intention and healthy enthusiasm towards my own compost making abilities. It’s a proud moment when you have a moist chocolate brown earthy brew emanating a sweet earthy scent. After turning, and waiting patiently the pile is done and you can set to using it in the garden freely and abundantly.

I’ve never met a plant who didn’t like to get dressed up with a bit of compost. It’s the perfect accessory for poor and tired soils. It pretty much goes with everything in the garden and if you don’t have it- you should really get it. At our retail nursery store we are now happily stocking 20L bags of compost from a local producer 'Living Farm Australia'.

I myself have the classic black plastic bin- in go the greens, in go the browns then mix it all up and pop the lid back on till next time. I build it high and as it all breaks down a concentrated mix develops full of nutrients, micro organisms and organic goodness.

Another approach is to compost in situ. Prune your garden and create layers of leaves, twigs, branches, spent vegetable matter and any other natural material you have lying around. The smaller the  pieces, the faster it will break down and the quicker you will build up soil in that area. This method will also act as a mulch to protect the earth from hot drying suns and heavy rains that can wash bare soil away. It will provide habitat for insects and small critters and worms, which will take to the spot with great delight. The depth of layers will also help to create more humidity close to the ground, in turn helping plants to battle through those hot summer days where the moisture can literally be sucked right out of them. Save a trip to the tip or the burn pile and use the waste right where it is- joining in the cycle of life.


 


Note:  At Daley’s we’ve changed the way we run our local shop in Geneva. If you’d like to buy plants, please order and pay at www.daleysfruit.com.au and give us a day to prepare your order. We will send you an email once it is ready for collection. We also have a few plants that are too tall to send as mail order that are discounted and, of course, our bargain bin is where you can pick up some handy ideas for your coming harvest. We are open Tuesday to Friday 9am to 3pm. Closed Saturday, Sunday, Monday and public holidays. 36 Daley's Lane, Geneva.


Glorious Grevilleas

 Glowing, glorious, grand and gorgeous. Grevilleas are blooming and they are quite the
spectacle when spotted gracing the landscape. The range of colours, shapes and sizes is as
impressive as it is varied. Do you like yellow, red, orange, pink, purple or white flowers? Do you
need a ground cover, hedge, bush, shrub or a tree? Take your pick as there is a Grevillea for
one and all and blessed are we to have such a beautiful group of native plants that can fill our
garden spaces in so many ways.


I planted a lone Sandra Gordon a couple of years ago. My great surprise was the speed at
which it grew. I planted it to create some summer shade over a sandpit and in a short space of
time and through the drought conditions it has risen tall, strong and generous with its shade and
beauty. I watered it extremely sparingly and I fertilised it even less. Now, with its large bright
golden blossoms, I wish I had planted more of them at the time. Such little work required for
such a great return- the birds are also delighted.


A few Grevilleas have 'Gordon' in the name such as Robyn Gordon- possibly the most famous
and widely planted of all. Does it ever stop flowering? I don't think so. Then there's Sandra
Gordon, who we've met and Dorothy Gordon.
It is David Gordon, from whom the 'Gordon' stems. He was a visionary of Australian flora. The
founder of Myall Park Botanic Garden in QLD, he was an extensive native plant collector,
researcher, developer and conservationist. Through his passionate work with native plants, the
hybrids of Robyn, Sandra and Dorothy were created - which are the names of his daughters and
wife respectively. When you plant these acclaimed varieties you are connecting to a rich history
of Australian horticulture. David passed in 2001 at the splendorous ripe old age of 102.

"Grevillea" originates from the botanist and co-founder of the Royal Horticultural Society,
London - Charles Greville (1749-1809). This wondrous group of plants are named in his honour.
Whether you are a beginner or seasoned professional, Grevilleas are a fantastic addition to any
garden. They are fast growers, require little maintenance, can handle our harsh hot and dry
conditions, provide food and shelter for wildlife and the cherry on top is the enjoyable
abundance of blooms they produce.


At a lovely local campground this week, once my garden eye shifted into gear, I spotted
Grevillea after Grevillea decorating the grounds with a variety of blossoms and forms. It was
inspiring to be amongst a purposeful collection of colourful, healthy natives.


The choice can be overwhelming when you are in a nursery or online shopping for your garden
needs. How do you pick a winner?
Suggestions for ground covers would include the classic Royal Mantle, Forest Rambler or
Bronze Rambler. With their fast growth they are helpful to cover open areas, rockeries or
garden beds.

For hedging an easy choice can be Robyn Gordon, Ned Kelly or Superb which all keep
themselves 1-2m in height.


For shrubs to small trees go for Moonlight with its moony coloured blossoms, Sandra Gordon-
golden yellow or Honey Gem- orangey/yellow.


For a stately tree go for Grevillea robusta the grand Silky Oak. Of the 360 Grevillea plants to
choose from- this is the tallest, growing 10-30 meters. 

Our wonderful little village of Grevillia knows these trees well, as early surveyors noted the abundance of them growing in the area.
I'll be making more space in my garden to grow some more Grevilleas…The best time to plant is
always





now!

Are you Visiting us?


You must place orders 1 Day Before you visit us to get online stock.

Our Kyogle shop only stocks plants too big or not suitable for mail order which are often discounted. To order plants available online you must place these orders the day before you visit us. We will not be able to gather a list of special request plants unless they are successfully ordered and paid for in advance.

How Pickup Works
  • Place your order online
  • Under Freight options choose: Pickup: 36 Daley's Ln Geneva NSW 2474
  • Pay Using Paypal, Afterpay, Card, Direct Deposit.
  • Wait... for our staff to prepare your order. (1-2 business days)
  • Receive an email confirmation: Ready for Pickup
  • Drive to 36 Daley's Ln Geneva NSW 2474
  • Press the red staff buzzer when you arrive.
Can you deliver to my door?
Yes
Yes we deliver to your door

Can I still browse your Shop?

Our shop is only stocked with plants too big or not suitable for mail order. Also Advanced plants and fruit trees.

Can I use Cash in-store?

No, We are no longer accepting cash.

SMS Offers by Daleys Fruit Tree Nursery

Daley's SMS Offers - Exclusive releases.
When we have exclusive offers we will let you know with an SMS. So you know it is us. Daley's SMS mobile is from
Please add to your contacts

You can turn sms offers on and off by logging into your My Account You can also reply "STOP" to turn off this feature.

In Stock Notifications
If you have asked for "in-stock" alerts by sms. These will still be sent to you as you have given permission on a plant by plant basis for each in-stock notification. If you wish to turn off these notifications please login to your My Account and turn these off individually.

Internship Job - Work at Daleys Fruit Tree Nursery


Would you like to do an Internship with Daleys Fruit Tree Nursery, with the possibility of
long term employment with eventually a shared management role.

The 3 Daley Brothers and their nephew Correy are looking at succession planning in the next
5-10 years. Hence we have an opportunity to train up the right person to take over a shared
management role and continue to build on what we have achieved at Daleys.

If interested in this opportunity to work in a very positive workplace and live in the best
address in Australia (well we think so), then please apply for this position.
The Internship would be for 12mths working full time at the Nursery Award.
These are the skills and attributes we are looking for in the successful applicant.

  • Honest with an enthusiastic work ethic, that is motivated and genuinely interested in establishing a long term career with Daleys
  • Ability to contribute to a positive team environment
  • Excellent communication skills with good English language.
  • Strong organisational and management skills
  • Ability to supervise and motivate employees.Physically fit and have the capacity for physical outdoor work. Work would include all aspects of the Nursery from Propagation, Potting, Dispatch, Fruit tree maintenance, Irrigation management., Machinery Maintenance, Liaison with Suppliers and customers, Pest and weed Control,
  • A passion to read, learn and research. With over 500 different varieties we sell, so very important for the right applicant to want to educate themselves.
  • Ability to work full time (38hrs per week) and also be available for weekend work looking after Irrigation, Maintenance etc.

You may not have all these skills now, but if you genuinely think you have the ability to
develop these skills then please apply. After the 12mth Internship we will look at the
opportunity to move into a full time position with Daleys.
We have a profit sharing incentive with all permanent staff after they have worked with us for 12mths. If you feel this Internship is right for you, please send in your Resume and cover letter why you think you would be right for this position please contact us by email.

We are looking at starting this Internship by August 2020
There is a basic house at the Nursery that is available for the right person to live in.
Remember to watch our Youtube on who we are and what we do. It's our 40th Year Anniversary this year. https://youtu.be/wta_nKS1GVo

Choose Your Delivery Date when Buying Plants Online


  • How long can I hold my order? Depending on the make up of your order a dropdown of delivery date options is provided. When ordering plants that must be sent immediately this dropdown menu will not be displayed.
  • Will my trees have to be pruned back if they grow too large? Yes we prepared a youtube discussing this topic.
Video: Why we prune our trees before we send them to you.
  • Can I receive them tall and un-pruned? Yes, you can pick them up or we can send them in a pallet.
  • Can I receive my order in a pallet with tall Plants? Yes, When ordering 50+ large trees contact us to find out what the pallet rate is to your address. Pallets allow for tall plants up to 1.5 meters in height.

  • Where is a list of every plant in stock right now? Daley's Entire Plant List
  • Can I add to my order after it is placed? Yes we include a large green button in your confirmation email

Edible Pandanus in Cooler Climates in Australia. Smells like coconut & vanilla


We are successfully growing Edible Pandanus in our cooler subtropical climate. The leaves smell like coconut & vanilla and are used in cooking both mains and deserts. It is highly tropical but with a few tricks you can grow them in subtropical and cooler climates.

Buy Edible Pandanus is for sale at Daleys Fruit Tree Nursery