Fruit Trees

Making Potting Mix at Home and in a Nursery.

Video: Making your own potting mix
Video Transcript
We're often asked about our potting mix
we make our premium potting mix here at
Daley's nursery
Keep in mind that we do make
different mixes for specific plants so
I'm just going to show you a general
potting mix that you can also make in
your garden to pot up your beautiful
fruit trees and any other plants that
you're growing in containers so firstly
we start with basic ingredients and we
buy ours in bulk of course so this is
Coir and you can buy it in blocks like
this it's dried out it's pressed
together and it's quite compact so what
you need to do when you get your block
of Coir is to wet it down so you can pop
this in a wheelbarrow put in about ten
litres of water twenty litres of water
and it expands so you can see how much
it expands here so this is one block
once it's expanded so we actually put a
little sprinkler over lots of blocks of
koi and we wet them all down together so
we're ready to mix our potting mix now
as soon as you move this block it's
going to break up so I've got one here
that we've just moved over and you can
see it just becomes like a powder so
this is one of the basic ingredients of
our potting mix now next to us here
we've got composted pine bark and this
is just medium pines of composted pine
bark and it's the other main fundamental
ingredient in our potting mix and we're
going to actually mix these together so
what we do here at the nursery is we mix
about one-third of Coir to two-thirds of
pine bark we use a tractor and a scoop
and we actually put them in a big old
cement mixer so they get fed into this
chute we mix it all up with fertiliser
so we add slow-release fertiliser gypsum
we add Nutrimin and then we feed it up
this chute into our potting machine once
it's all really well mixed and then the
potting machine feeds the Potters to pot
up the plants so I'll show you that next
so this fabulous machine is our potting
machine and this is where we pot up the
majority of our plants here at Daley's
nursery
so it's a two-person operation and we'll
show you how it works but basically when
you turn it on it feeds out the potting
mix and people pot up here it's a really
fast and efficient way of potting up
plants
so if you want to make your own potting
mix at home you're going to need a
wheelbarrow some basic ingredients some
coir some pine bark if you can get it or
you might want to just use a bag of
premium grade potting mix so that's
going to be similar and it's already
going to have the fertilizer if you're
using plain pine bark you're going to
need some slow-release fertiliser so
we've got a couple of cups of Osmocote
and Nutricote coat these are slow-release
and they're going to last about eight to
twelve months so mix it all up in your
wheelbarrow
sprinkling my slow-release fertiliser so
I've got about two cups
and then mix it all through.
so you can see that the
fertiliser is sort of nicely spread
through the mix you can see the Coir is
pretty much broken up and I've got a
really beautiful mix of ingredients so
this is excellent we're going to use
this to pot up some of our beautiful

fruit trees

R2E2 Mango Fruit Tree - Shaking to harvest (Slow Mo)

Seedling R2E2 Mango Fruit Tree

Video Transcript

This is one of our favourites this is the
r2e2   mango and you can see it's a
really big colourful fruit
it's delicious eating fresh and we also
use this as a seedling tree so it's an
excellent choice if you've got space for
a big mango tree and you love mangoes
enough to be able to eat a beautiful
big fruit like this

Pearl Dragon Fruit the Pitaya for Full Sun positions

Pearl Dragon Fruit Pitaya
Our Pearl Dragon Fruit this morning. We find they are better than the yellow varieties in full sun positions. Yellow skinned varieties can get sunburnt in harsh sun like we got over the weekend. Growing them over an old stump like we have done here is ideal. Looks very rustic while staying small and means that they quickly start drooping down telling your plant it is time to flower and fruit rather than exploring new heights by climbing up a tall tree. 

Internship Job at Daleys Fruit Tree Nursery


Would you like to do an Internship with Daleys Fruit Tree Nursery, with the possibility of long term employment and eventual managing role.

The 3 Daley Brothers that established the nursery nearly 40 years ago are looking at succession planning in the next 10 years. Hence we have an opportunity to train up the right persons to take over management roles and continue to build on what we have achieved at Daleys.

If interested in this opportunity to work in a very positive workplace and live in the best address in Australia (well we think so), then please apply for this position. The Internship would be for 12mths working full time at the Nursery Award.


  • Honest with an enthusiastic work ethic, that is motivated and genuinely interested in establishing a long term career.
  • Ability to contribute to a positive team environment
  • Excellent communication skills.
  • Strong organisational skills
  • Ability to supervise and motivate employees.
  • Physically fit and have the capacity for physical outdoor work. Work would include all aspects of the Nursery from Propagation, Potting, Dispatch, Fruit tree maintenance, Irrigation management., Machinery Maintenance, Liaison with Suppliers and customers, Pest and weed Control,
  • A passion to read, learn and research. With over 500 different varieties we sell, so very important for the right applicant to want to educate themselves.
  • Ability to work full time (38hrs per week)

You may not have all these skills now, but if you genuinely think you have the ability to develop these skills then please apply. After the 12mth Internship we will look at the opportunity to move into a full time position with Daleys. We have a profit sharing incentive with all permanent staff after they have worked with us for 12mths. If you feel this Internship is right for you, please send in your Resume and a cover letter why you think you would be right for this position. info@daleysfruit.com.au

Dragon Fruit Pitaya Zomovanao Trial

Pitaya Dragon Fruit Zamovano
Pitaya Dragon Fruit Zamovano
New Trial: This is the Dragon Fruit Pitaya Zamovanao that we have been trialling in our nursery. Purpose is we want to make sure that it crops well, Can produce fruit in isolation ( Please note we did hand pollinate from the same pitaya plant ).

Once we get fruit it was my job to taste it today.

My subjective Taste Analysis: 2x more flavour than white pearl with soft seeds which often need a lime to bring out the flavour. On a hot day like today it was very refreshing and juicy.

Look: From the photo on the inside you can see it is quite spectacular translucent purple flesh with dark crunchy seeds inside.

When will it be available: Sorry not for another year. We will use this plant to reproduce it exactly the same so you know you are getting the same plant that we trialled in our nursery.

When it is ready it will appear on our Dragon Fruit Pitaya Fruit Tree Page

Buy Fruit Fly Lures and baits to control this pest

Control Fruit Fly with Lures
You can control and reduce the number of fruit flys in your orchard using Fruit Fly lures,

Some good Lures and bait are
Eco naturalure Male Fruit Fly Trap
Eco Naturalure - Organic Fruit Fly Control
Wild May Fruit Fly Attractant
Wild May Fruit Fly Trap

Video Transcript

So fruit fly is an example of a bad bug
they will just crucify your fruit they
infect it with maggots they make it go
off they ruin a beautiful crop so we
actually use lures so we're not spraying
our trees we're not using toxic poison
we're just putting out a tiny pheromone
bait and what that does is that attracts
the fruit fly into this trap and we trap
the fruit fly in there so one way you
can control your fruit fly is to net
your trees so you actually eliminate the
fruit fly from getting to your fruit
which is a great organic way of doing it
and another way is to use lure bait so
get some pheromone lures there are
different products on the market
you can make your own trap just plastic
bottle with some holes in it put a bit
of that lure in there and attract those
fruit fly to your bait and you'll help
to reduce the numbers in your orchard

But Acerola Cherry Fruit Trees - Cherry of the Subtropics


Your Answer to a Cherry Tree when you live in the subtropics is the Acerola Cherry Fruit Tree. It's a great cropper with off the chart levels of vitamin C. A more diverse flavour with tang and sweet than run of the mill cherries. We show you a very well established tree. And show how it can suit many Australian Backyards.

Acerola Cherry Trees are for Sale at Daleys Fruit Tree Nursery
Buy Acerola Cherry Trees here

Botanical Name | Scientific Name
Malpighia emarginata

Video Transcript

It's late Spring and we're just
starting to pick Acerolas
and these are these beautiful red little
fruits and they're packed in vitamin C
so one of these is like eating an apple
and they're really delicious they're
quite juicy and they've got a lovely mix
of sweet and sour so if you like things
with a little bit of tang you're going
to love the Acerola they also grow in
quite a beautiful shrub so you can see
behind me it's very dense and it can be
quite heavy so if you want to grow one
in your garden it's a good idea to put a
nice sturdy stake to it to keep it
strong in the ground they can have a
tendency to pull themselves over with the
weight of the plant if the soil gets very
wet so during wet weather that we get
here in the subtropics they can topple
unless you have them well staked the
other thing you can do to avoid that is
keep it prune so keep it well maintained
cut it back once it gets to about this
size so when it finishes fruiting take
about a third or half off it and that'll
keep it nice and vigorous and keep it
small and compact but when you're
pruning it's a good idea to wear long
sleeve shirt and gloves cause the
foliage is covered with tiny irritating
hairs so if your wear a short sleeve
shirt you'll find yourself quite itchy afterwards they're like stinging
nettles but not as severe so they give
you tiny little stings they're quite
irritating on the skin and so it'll make
you very itchy. So if you're working
with this plant make sure you do protect
your skin with a long-sleeve shirt you
can see it's quite a beautiful plant
when it's got the fruit on it and also
in flower it has lovely pastel pink
blossoms that make it look beautiful
when it's in flower early spring so this
is the Acerola we love it.
and you're going to enjoy those beautiful little
tasty fruits
mmm lovely mix of sweet and sour
I adore these that's the Acerola
you


Planting a Coconut Plant in a Pot or Bonsai Bag


Coconut care (Some hints on establishing your palms)

These nuts have been struck in filtered sunlight so will handle full sun but need at least 50% sun for as much of the day as possible.
The nuts are the most advanced that packaging or State requirements allow. They will gain nutritional benefit from attachment to the nut for about 18months and even longer in sub optimal conditions. Coconuts have a fibrous root system. Each root will develop with equal importance both feeding the plant and anchoring it. No tap root develops. The sprouted nuts have roots but in most cases most of the roots are removed to improve health and quarantine issues.

In tropical locations the sprouted nut could be planted in its site or potted. In cooler locations it is recommended to plant the nut in a large container 10 to100 litre container. Before sending, the nut has been watered, root pruned and cleaned. New roots are already growing through the nuts husk.

It will help if you soak the nut in diluted liquid fertilizer mix for a few hours or overnight before potting. In any case newly transplanted nuts will suffer some set back which will be evident in the next two fronds being less vigorous than current fronds. It is important to nurse these new plants to reduce this set back as much as possible.

Coconut palms like;

• Warm soil – above 20 degrees celcius
• Warm air – between 20 and 30 degrees celcius
• High humidity – above 70
• High light levels especially when temperatures are warm
• Free draining soil – no water ponding on surface and good pot drainage
• Regular watering with potable or near potable quality water
• Surface mulching with wood chip or stone
• No weed competition especially grassy weeds
• Freedom of pests like ants (ants farm mealy bug and scale insects) and leaf eating insects
• Adequate levels of fertilizer, particularly nitrogen and trace elements

By meeting these requirements your plants should thrive.

Youtube Transcript

So bare root coconuts this is how we get our coconuts and
they send them down from
Far North Queensland just loose within a bit of coconut fiber just a bit of
this around the roots and this is how we
receive them so they travel really well
like this so this is how we also send
them out but they like a very humid
tropical environment so this is our fog
machine which creates a very fine moist
humid environment and this is where we
keep our coconuts while they're here at
Daley's so it's a perfect environment for
strengthening up plants that have come
out of tissue cultured flasks that are
very tender and fragile so this is a
really fabulous and exciting new
addition to Daley's nursery what do you
do with your plant on arrival so the
first thing is just check the roots and
if you feel they're I can feel that that
root there is actually broken so it's
not going to hurt my plant if I cut that
root off
so this coconut has got all its energy
stored in this nut to make all its roots
and to make all its shoots so it uses
the energy from the nut for about the
first two years so it's really important
that under no circumstances do you take
the nut off but don't be concerned about
cutting the roots off so any roots that
are old and damaged cut them off
anything like this this is great and you
need to cut these ones off so don't be
concerned if it doesn't have any roots
at all it's quite normal for your
coconut to come without any roots so
that's perfect
I'm just going to leave those two fresh
shoots that's all we want and that is
absolutely perfect for planting what you
want to do is rehydrate your plant so
you can actually soak the nut in a
bucket of seaweed solution and what
that's going to do is it's just going to
strengthen up the nuts so seaweed is
really good for preventing pests and
diseases and it actually makes your plant
Hardy so it's also a great thing to have
in your garden shed and soak it for at
least an hour you can soak it for up
to a day don't leave it in the bucket
don't forget it and go to work for a
week but just
rehydrate it and get it ready to plant
So where do coconuts grow coconuts are
tropical they're what we call a strictly
tropical plant they're tropical and they
grow on the beach so you don't see them
in the mountains you don't see them in Melbourne they are really
perfectly suited to growing in a
tropical coastal climate now if you are
outside of that area and you want to
grow a coconut what you need to
know is that they ideally like
temperatures that are 20 to 30 degrees
centigrade they don't like it when it
drops below that although they can
handle a little bit of cold in the
winter they will not tolerate any frost
they also like a very humid environment
so they ideally like 70% humidity
throughout the year so if your tropical
you'll find coconuts grow easily if
you're not tropical you're going to find
them difficult so don't be surprised if
you try one and you don't succeed but it
really it's because tropical plants love
really hot humid conditions if you can
offer them that you you're going to have
success if you can't you might be better
growing something suited to your climate
so planting out your coconut in all
areas outside of the tropics it's a
really good idea to start your coconut
in a big pot or a bag so we're going to
start ours in a bonsai bag and what you
need is a pot that's big enough to fit
the nut and the palm so that's nice and
comfortable that's a really good sized
pot and because all the roots are going
to come from this part of the nut you
want to bury that plant down to there so
I've just put some in there because we
haven't got any roots to worry about
spreading out so you can just part fill
your bag and then fill it around it so
this is just coconut fiber this is our
Coir which is fabulous stuff it has
really good drainage it's not going to
water log my coconuts it's not going to
give you any problems with drainage and
I can add slowly less nutrients to this
mix
which is all my coconuts gonna need for
the first couple of years so what you
want to do is get it growing really well
in its bag get it established so you
want it about like that
so your coconuts part buried your palms
coming up from just above the ground
level so you don't want to bury that too
deep and this nut is going to provide
all the roots you need to keep this
really well watered so they like
constant moisture and perfect drainage
put it in the shade until it's
established so don't put it out in the
full Sun where it's going to get cooked
until it starts to show nice new growth
and don't be concerned if it looks a
little bit stressed for a little while
so the first couple of leaves might be
weak growing leaves once it starts to
make vigorous new growth its well
established and it's ready to thinking
about putting in its final home so once
your palm is a couple of metres tall
it's ready to plant in the ground so
what you need is a well-prepared site
and your coconuts going to love very
good drainage so build a mound a bit
like an avocado lots of compost and
organic matter and you can add Coco
fiber and husks all that sort of stuff
to
your well composted mound you can
start doing it when you put you put your
coconut in the bag so it's got two years
to mature you can keep adding to that
composted mound once you're ready to
plant it put it in the ground if your
nut comes off after two years it's
nothing to worry about
but don't plant it any deeper than
you've had it in your bag that's a
general rule with plants so make sure
you keep it at the same line on your
palm when you plant it into the ground
and keep the moisture up to it so it's
going to love that tropical climate and
if you can provide it with that you're
going to be picking coconuts in five
years maybe 6 years
ten years it is going to vary you need to
be patient
you

Video: How to Plant a Blueberry Plant in a pot ( Coir Potting Mix )

Planting Blueberry Plants Video Transcript

Blueberry Season! Don't we all love
blueberries
Packed with antioxidants
kids love them adults love them and we
all want to grow a blueberry in our backyard
so if you've ever tried to grow them in
the ground you'll know that they're a
little bit fussy they're like really
good drainage and they like an acidic
soil so getting the right conditions can
be a little bit tricky in your garden so
if you want to grow a blueberry growing
them in a bag is a really great way to
grow blueberry they're easy
Greg's growing them in bags here for
years he's had ten year old blueberries
in bags and they're as good as when he
planted them so this one here is about
three years old and you can see it's
really just starting to flourish we're
just getting a nice pick of fruit off it
that's going to be ready in a few weeks
we need to be patient
So if you want to grow a blueberry in
apart this is your potting mix that
you're going to need so this is your
block of coconut Coir so it's just
coconut fiber there's nothing else in
that completely organic and it's a
really lightweight fibrous mix so you
can see how loose that is and it's
perfect for growing blueberries in
because it's really well aerated so it
gives them ideal drainage and you can
add a little bit of slow release
fertilizer to it and that's all you need
you can actually use it as a basis for
all sorts of other potting mixes you can
also use it as a mulch so it's a
fabulous product to have in your shed
you're going to need something to plant
your blueberry in so we love these bags
these are what we call bonsai bags and
they come in different sizes so at 35
litre bags perfect if you want about a 2
meter plant a 20 litre bag which is what
we have this plant hearing it's going to
grow you something a meter to a meter
and a half and these are absolutely
ideal for blueberries they make your
plant very easy to move around you can
insert that into a nice ornamental pot
if you wanted to look a bit more showy
So you're going to start with something
like this this is the wonderful
blueberry burst which is a new selection
of blueberry and it's perfect for
growing in bags
it's a lovely compact
plant that grows to about a meter and it's
really going to love a nice aerated Coir Mix
So how many blueberry plants are you
going to need to plant well I would
recommend you start with about five
selections and make sure you check what
your climate is and choose the ones that
are right for your area so there are low
chill selections for warm climates and
there are high chill selections for
cooler areas and choose a variety of the
different varieties for your area that
ill give you cross-pollination and give
you a better crop on each bush and about
five plants is going to give you a
really good fresh pick for fresh berries
straight off the plant and you can also
going to have bowls that you can take
into the kitchen turn into jams make
into sauces and use creatively in your kitchen