Fruit Trees

Pearl Dragon Fruit the Pitaya for Full Sun positions

Pearl Dragon Fruit Pitaya
Our Pearl Dragon Fruit this morning. We find they are better than the yellow varieties in full sun positions. Yellow skinned varieties can get sunburnt in harsh sun like we got over the weekend. Growing them over an old stump like we have done here is ideal. Looks very rustic while staying small and means that they quickly start drooping down telling your plant it is time to flower and fruit rather than exploring new heights by climbing up a tall tree. 

Internship Job at Daleys Fruit Tree Nursery

Would you like to do an Internship with Daleys Fruit Tree Nursery, with the possibility of long term employment and eventual managing role.

The 3 Daley Brothers that established the nursery nearly 40 years ago are looking at succession planning in the next 10 years. Hence we have an opportunity to train up the right persons to take over management roles and continue to build on what we have achieved at Daleys.

If interested in this opportunity to work in a very positive workplace and live in the best address in Australia (well we think so), then please apply for this position. The Internship would be for 12mths working full time at the Nursery Award.

  • Honest with an enthusiastic work ethic, that is motivated and genuinely interested in establishing a long term career.
  • Ability to contribute to a positive team environment
  • Excellent communication skills.
  • Strong organisational skills
  • Ability to supervise and motivate employees.
  • Physically fit and have the capacity for physical outdoor work. Work would include all aspects of the Nursery from Propagation, Potting, Dispatch, Fruit tree maintenance, Irrigation management., Machinery Maintenance, Liaison with Suppliers and customers, Pest and weed Control,
  • A passion to read, learn and research. With over 500 different varieties we sell, so very important for the right applicant to want to educate themselves.
  • Ability to work full time (38hrs per week)

You may not have all these skills now, but if you genuinely think you have the ability to develop these skills then please apply. After the 12mth Internship we will look at the opportunity to move into a full time position with Daleys. We have a profit sharing incentive with all permanent staff after they have worked with us for 12mths. If you feel this Internship is right for you, please send in your Resume and a cover letter why you think you would be right for this position.

Dragon Fruit Pitaya Zomovanao Trial

Pitaya Dragon Fruit Zamovano
Pitaya Dragon Fruit Zamovano
New Trial: This is the Dragon Fruit Pitaya Zamovanao that we have been trialling in our nursery. Purpose is we want to make sure that it crops well, Can produce fruit in isolation ( Please note we did hand pollinate from the same pitaya plant ).

Once we get fruit it was my job to taste it today.

My subjective Taste Analysis: 2x more flavour than white pearl with soft seeds which often need a lime to bring out the flavour. On a hot day like today it was very refreshing and juicy.

Look: From the photo on the inside you can see it is quite spectacular translucent purple flesh with dark crunchy seeds inside.

When will it be available: Sorry not for another year. We will use this plant to reproduce it exactly the same so you know you are getting the same plant that we trialled in our nursery.

When it is ready it will appear on our Dragon Fruit Pitaya Fruit Tree Page

Buy Fruit Fly Lures and baits to control this pest

Control Fruit Fly with Lures
You can control and reduce the number of fruit flys in your orchard using Fruit Fly lures,

Some good Lures and bait are
Eco naturalure Male Fruit Fly Trap
Eco Naturalure - Organic Fruit Fly Control
Wild May Fruit Fly Attractant
Wild May Fruit Fly Trap

Video Transcript

So fruit fly is an example of a bad bug
they will just crucify your fruit they
infect it with maggots they make it go
off they ruin a beautiful crop so we
actually use lures so we're not spraying
our trees we're not using toxic poison
we're just putting out a tiny pheromone
bait and what that does is that attracts
the fruit fly into this trap and we trap
the fruit fly in there so one way you
can control your fruit fly is to net
your trees so you actually eliminate the
fruit fly from getting to your fruit
which is a great organic way of doing it
and another way is to use lure bait so
get some pheromone lures there are
different products on the market
you can make your own trap just plastic
bottle with some holes in it put a bit
of that lure in there and attract those
fruit fly to your bait and you'll help
to reduce the numbers in your orchard

But Acerola Cherry Fruit Trees - Cherry of the Subtropics

Your Answer to a Cherry Tree when you live in the subtropics is the Acerola Cherry Fruit Tree. It's a great cropper with off the chart levels of vitamin C. A more diverse flavour with tang and sweet than run of the mill cherries. We show you a very well established tree. And show how it can suit many Australian Backyards.

Acerola Cherry Trees are for Sale at Daleys Fruit Tree Nursery
Buy Acerola Cherry Trees here

Botanical Name | Scientific Name
Malpighia emarginata

Video Transcript

It's late Spring and we're just
starting to pick Acerolas
and these are these beautiful red little
fruits and they're packed in vitamin C
so one of these is like eating an apple
and they're really delicious they're
quite juicy and they've got a lovely mix
of sweet and sour so if you like things
with a little bit of tang you're going
to love the Acerola they also grow in
quite a beautiful shrub so you can see
behind me it's very dense and it can be
quite heavy so if you want to grow one
in your garden it's a good idea to put a
nice sturdy stake to it to keep it
strong in the ground they can have a
tendency to pull themselves over with the
weight of the plant if the soil gets very
wet so during wet weather that we get
here in the subtropics they can topple
unless you have them well staked the
other thing you can do to avoid that is
keep it prune so keep it well maintained
cut it back once it gets to about this
size so when it finishes fruiting take
about a third or half off it and that'll
keep it nice and vigorous and keep it
small and compact but when you're
pruning it's a good idea to wear long
sleeve shirt and gloves cause the
foliage is covered with tiny irritating
hairs so if your wear a short sleeve
shirt you'll find yourself quite itchy afterwards they're like stinging
nettles but not as severe so they give
you tiny little stings they're quite
irritating on the skin and so it'll make
you very itchy. So if you're working
with this plant make sure you do protect
your skin with a long-sleeve shirt you
can see it's quite a beautiful plant
when it's got the fruit on it and also
in flower it has lovely pastel pink
blossoms that make it look beautiful
when it's in flower early spring so this
is the Acerola we love it.
and you're going to enjoy those beautiful little
tasty fruits
mmm lovely mix of sweet and sour
I adore these that's the Acerola

Planting a Coconut Plant in a Pot or Bonsai Bag

Coconut care (Some hints on establishing your palms)

These nuts have been struck in filtered sunlight so will handle full sun but need at least 50% sun for as much of the day as possible.
The nuts are the most advanced that packaging or State requirements allow. They will gain nutritional benefit from attachment to the nut for about 18months and even longer in sub optimal conditions. Coconuts have a fibrous root system. Each root will develop with equal importance both feeding the plant and anchoring it. No tap root develops. The sprouted nuts have roots but in most cases most of the roots are removed to improve health and quarantine issues.

In tropical locations the sprouted nut could be planted in its site or potted. In cooler locations it is recommended to plant the nut in a large container 10 to100 litre container. Before sending, the nut has been watered, root pruned and cleaned. New roots are already growing through the nuts husk.

It will help if you soak the nut in diluted liquid fertilizer mix for a few hours or overnight before potting. In any case newly transplanted nuts will suffer some set back which will be evident in the next two fronds being less vigorous than current fronds. It is important to nurse these new plants to reduce this set back as much as possible.

Coconut palms like;

• Warm soil – above 20 degrees celcius
• Warm air – between 20 and 30 degrees celcius
• High humidity – above 70
• High light levels especially when temperatures are warm
• Free draining soil – no water ponding on surface and good pot drainage
• Regular watering with potable or near potable quality water
• Surface mulching with wood chip or stone
• No weed competition especially grassy weeds
• Freedom of pests like ants (ants farm mealy bug and scale insects) and leaf eating insects
• Adequate levels of fertilizer, particularly nitrogen and trace elements

By meeting these requirements your plants should thrive.

Youtube Transcript

So bare root coconuts this is how we get our coconuts and
they send them down from
Far North Queensland just loose within a bit of coconut fiber just a bit of
this around the roots and this is how we
receive them so they travel really well
like this so this is how we also send
them out but they like a very humid
tropical environment so this is our fog
machine which creates a very fine moist
humid environment and this is where we
keep our coconuts while they're here at
Daley's so it's a perfect environment for
strengthening up plants that have come
out of tissue cultured flasks that are
very tender and fragile so this is a
really fabulous and exciting new
addition to Daley's nursery what do you
do with your plant on arrival so the
first thing is just check the roots and
if you feel they're I can feel that that
root there is actually broken so it's
not going to hurt my plant if I cut that
root off
so this coconut has got all its energy
stored in this nut to make all its roots
and to make all its shoots so it uses
the energy from the nut for about the
first two years so it's really important
that under no circumstances do you take
the nut off but don't be concerned about
cutting the roots off so any roots that
are old and damaged cut them off
anything like this this is great and you
need to cut these ones off so don't be
concerned if it doesn't have any roots
at all it's quite normal for your
coconut to come without any roots so
that's perfect
I'm just going to leave those two fresh
shoots that's all we want and that is
absolutely perfect for planting what you
want to do is rehydrate your plant so
you can actually soak the nut in a
bucket of seaweed solution and what
that's going to do is it's just going to
strengthen up the nuts so seaweed is
really good for preventing pests and
diseases and it actually makes your plant
Hardy so it's also a great thing to have
in your garden shed and soak it for at
least an hour you can soak it for up
to a day don't leave it in the bucket
don't forget it and go to work for a
week but just
rehydrate it and get it ready to plant
So where do coconuts grow coconuts are
tropical they're what we call a strictly
tropical plant they're tropical and they
grow on the beach so you don't see them
in the mountains you don't see them in Melbourne they are really
perfectly suited to growing in a
tropical coastal climate now if you are
outside of that area and you want to
grow a coconut what you need to
know is that they ideally like
temperatures that are 20 to 30 degrees
centigrade they don't like it when it
drops below that although they can
handle a little bit of cold in the
winter they will not tolerate any frost
they also like a very humid environment
so they ideally like 70% humidity
throughout the year so if your tropical
you'll find coconuts grow easily if
you're not tropical you're going to find
them difficult so don't be surprised if
you try one and you don't succeed but it
really it's because tropical plants love
really hot humid conditions if you can
offer them that you you're going to have
success if you can't you might be better
growing something suited to your climate
so planting out your coconut in all
areas outside of the tropics it's a
really good idea to start your coconut
in a big pot or a bag so we're going to
start ours in a bonsai bag and what you
need is a pot that's big enough to fit
the nut and the palm so that's nice and
comfortable that's a really good sized
pot and because all the roots are going
to come from this part of the nut you
want to bury that plant down to there so
I've just put some in there because we
haven't got any roots to worry about
spreading out so you can just part fill
your bag and then fill it around it so
this is just coconut fiber this is our
Coir which is fabulous stuff it has
really good drainage it's not going to
water log my coconuts it's not going to
give you any problems with drainage and
I can add slowly less nutrients to this
which is all my coconuts gonna need for
the first couple of years so what you
want to do is get it growing really well
in its bag get it established so you
want it about like that
so your coconuts part buried your palms
coming up from just above the ground
level so you don't want to bury that too
deep and this nut is going to provide
all the roots you need to keep this
really well watered so they like
constant moisture and perfect drainage
put it in the shade until it's
established so don't put it out in the
full Sun where it's going to get cooked
until it starts to show nice new growth
and don't be concerned if it looks a
little bit stressed for a little while
so the first couple of leaves might be
weak growing leaves once it starts to
make vigorous new growth its well
established and it's ready to thinking
about putting in its final home so once
your palm is a couple of metres tall
it's ready to plant in the ground so
what you need is a well-prepared site
and your coconuts going to love very
good drainage so build a mound a bit
like an avocado lots of compost and
organic matter and you can add Coco
fiber and husks all that sort of stuff
your well composted mound you can
start doing it when you put you put your
coconut in the bag so it's got two years
to mature you can keep adding to that
composted mound once you're ready to
plant it put it in the ground if your
nut comes off after two years it's
nothing to worry about
but don't plant it any deeper than
you've had it in your bag that's a
general rule with plants so make sure
you keep it at the same line on your
palm when you plant it into the ground
and keep the moisture up to it so it's
going to love that tropical climate and
if you can provide it with that you're
going to be picking coconuts in five
years maybe 6 years
ten years it is going to vary you need to
be patient

Video: How to Plant a Blueberry Plant in a pot ( Coir Potting Mix )

Planting Blueberry Plants Video Transcript

Blueberry Season! Don't we all love
Packed with antioxidants
kids love them adults love them and we
all want to grow a blueberry in our backyard
so if you've ever tried to grow them in
the ground you'll know that they're a
little bit fussy they're like really
good drainage and they like an acidic
soil so getting the right conditions can
be a little bit tricky in your garden so
if you want to grow a blueberry growing
them in a bag is a really great way to
grow blueberry they're easy
Greg's growing them in bags here for
years he's had ten year old blueberries
in bags and they're as good as when he
planted them so this one here is about
three years old and you can see it's
really just starting to flourish we're
just getting a nice pick of fruit off it
that's going to be ready in a few weeks
we need to be patient
So if you want to grow a blueberry in
apart this is your potting mix that
you're going to need so this is your
block of coconut Coir so it's just
coconut fiber there's nothing else in
that completely organic and it's a
really lightweight fibrous mix so you
can see how loose that is and it's
perfect for growing blueberries in
because it's really well aerated so it
gives them ideal drainage and you can
add a little bit of slow release
fertilizer to it and that's all you need
you can actually use it as a basis for
all sorts of other potting mixes you can
also use it as a mulch so it's a
fabulous product to have in your shed
you're going to need something to plant
your blueberry in so we love these bags
these are what we call bonsai bags and
they come in different sizes so at 35
litre bags perfect if you want about a 2
meter plant a 20 litre bag which is what
we have this plant hearing it's going to
grow you something a meter to a meter
and a half and these are absolutely
ideal for blueberries they make your
plant very easy to move around you can
insert that into a nice ornamental pot
if you wanted to look a bit more showy
So you're going to start with something
like this this is the wonderful
blueberry burst which is a new selection
of blueberry and it's perfect for
growing in bags
it's a lovely compact
plant that grows to about a meter and it's
really going to love a nice aerated Coir Mix
So how many blueberry plants are you
going to need to plant well I would
recommend you start with about five
selections and make sure you check what
your climate is and choose the ones that
are right for your area so there are low
chill selections for warm climates and
there are high chill selections for
cooler areas and choose a variety of the
different varieties for your area that
ill give you cross-pollination and give
you a better crop on each bush and about
five plants is going to give you a
really good fresh pick for fresh berries
straight off the plant and you can also
going to have bowls that you can take
into the kitchen turn into jams make
into sauces and use creatively in your kitchen

Dwarf Red Shahtoot Mulberry Fruit Tree Espalier

Buy Dwarf Red Shahtoot Mulberry Tree

We grew our Red Shahtoot Mulberry tree along 3 lengths of wire. This technique is known as espalier. It gets more Sun into a smaller space producing more mulberries that are easier to pick. Here is an old video from 3 years ago of this exact same mulberry tree in the early stages.

Why Paint Avocado Plants - Sunscreen for your Avocados

Avocado Trees will get sunburnt and die in Australian Summers. If you don't do this when they are young and prepare an adequate shelter it is very likely it will not survive until it has produced and adequate canopy.

We demonstrate how we paint our avocado Trees and set up a shelter for them.

Avocado Fruit Trees are for sale at Daleys Fruit Tree Nursery
Buy Avocado Fruit Trees

Video Transcript
so today we're painting Avocado trees
and the reason that we're doing this is
we are protecting our trees from sunburn
so this is basically sunscreen for your
Avocado. Now if you look at this stem of
your avocado tree you can see it has
this beautiful green stem and this is a
really healthy looking plant and it's
very susceptible to sunburn when it's
this age because you can see it's quite
sparsely leafed it doesn't have a full
canopy and it's not going to have a full
canopy of life to protect it until it's
well established and about 2 or 3 years
old so young trees like this it is
really important to protect them from
hot Summer Sun so as the weather is
warming up here in the spring we're
going to paint our avocado trees we're
going to give them a coat of sun
sunscreen to protect them from the hot
Summer Sun the other thing you need to
do at this time of the year is if you
see any flowers just pick them out you
don't want a tree this size making fruit
I know it's heartbreaking but you do
need to leave it until it's well
established to let it fruit so just note
that as well so the first thing you need
to do is you need to locate the graft on
your trunk of your tree and the reason
you need to do this is because anything
that shoots below the graft you need to
remove that's desuckering so this is
the Scion this is the grafted part of
your tree it's the variety which has the
good quality for it you want and in this
case it's a Sheppard avocado this is a
seedling avocado so anything that shoots
from below this point you need to remove
so when you paint your tree and I've
done one here you can see it's quite
difficult to see the graft Union so it's
really important before you start locate
the graft make a note where it is and if
necessary you can just put a little bit
of different coloured paint on that part
of the tree so you know exactly where it
is this is our Sun screen this is the
paint that we're going to put on our
tree the trunk of our tree to protect it
and it's just house emulsion so if
you've got some acrylic wall paint that
is perfect but you're going to dilute it
about one part paint to three parts
water and what you get is a very liquid
mix of
paint that goes on very easily it's
going to be a bit messy so just be careful
where you get it try not to get it all
over yourselves
and we're just going to paint the trunk of the tree
So even once you've painted the stem on your Avocado Tree.
you're still going to need to protect it
from the very hot summer weather that we
get here in Australia and this is a
great thing to do it with this is a
sock made out of shade cloth and it's
just been sewed together in a double
width so it's basically a tube of double
shade cloth and it's the height of the
tree once you plant it in the ground so
you just put three star pickets in the
ground and put that over your avocado
tree and it's going to protect it during
very hot weather on very hot days when
it's going to be 35 40 or more make sure
you put an additional cover over the top
of that just to protect that tree during
the very hot part of the day you can
take that cover off in the morning and
late in the afternoon once the weather's
cooled off but that's going to protect
your tree during summer and get it well
established which is a really important
thing to do with our Avocado trees make
sure they don't get sunburned because it
is a very damaging thing and you will risk
losing your graft Rodney has generously
offered to hammer in the star pickets
for me to show you how to do this
and it lets the air flow through but it
protects your tree from the sunshine and
then once you've got your shade cloth
over bang in your other star pickets to
make a nice tight triangle
so if you've got your avocado planted
and you don't have the gear on hand to
make your little shade house you can do a
quick cheap fix just to protect it while
you get everything organized so you just
need to cut some nice bushy foliage off
an existing tree from your garden
Callistemons are great melaleucas are
great this is Nandina it's just going to
work as a temporary shade wall and
you're going to pop it in on the western
side so if I can just push these in it's
a little bit hard in our demonstration
spot here so the idea is that you just
want to create a shade wall that's going
to protect your tree while you actually
get your shade house establish so you
can then go off and build your little
shade shade cloth house and get your
star pickets and you're ready to protect
it on a more permanent basis so this is
just a temporary fix that works quite
well just to save it from a hot day in
the meantime